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Taiwan seeks peaceful coexistence with China: president

Taiwan wants to live peacefully with China but is determined to remain democratic and free for generations to come, President Tsai Ing-wen says..

Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen (C) reacts during the Taiwan National Day celebrations in Taipei, Taiwan, 10 October 2023. Image AAP

Taiwan seeks "peaceful coexistence" with China with free and unrestricted interaction but the island will be democratic for generations to come, President Tsai Ing-wen has declared in her last national day speech.

Taiwan, claimed by China as its own territory, has come under increasing military and political pressure from Beijing, including two major sets of Chinese war games near the island since August of last year, heightening fears of a conflict that would have global ramifications.

Tsai, who cannot stand again as president at elections in January after two terms in office, has repeatedly offered talks with China, which has rejected them as it views her as a separatist.

Speaking in front of the presidential office on Tuesday, Tsai said the strength of international support for Taiwan had reached an "unprecedented height".

"Since this is a time we can now face the world with confidence and resolve, we can also be calm and self-assured in facing China, creating conditions for peaceful coexistence and future developments across the Taiwan Strait," she said.

Tsai said it was her duty to safeguard Taiwan's sovereignty and its democratic, free way of life, seeking "free, unrestricted, and unburdened interactions" between Taiwan and China's people.

Differences between Taiwan and China must be resolved peacefully and maintaining the status quo was "critical" to ensuring peace, she said, to a big round of applause.

China's foreign ministry responded to Tsai's speech by calling the ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) authorities the "greatest threat" to peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait for "seeking independence and provocation".

"No matter what the DPP authorities say or do, they cannot change the fact that Taiwan is a part of China.

It will not change the general trend that China will inevitably move towards reunification," ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin told a regular media briefing.

In the face of China's threats, Taiwan has been heartened by support from fellow democracies, especially the United States and its allies whose lawmakers and occasionally officials have flocked to Taipei, defying Chinese anger.

"With confidence, we will show the world that the Taiwanese people are dignified, independent, warm, and kind," Tsai said.

"The Taiwanese people are happy to be people of the world and will be a democratic and free people for generations to come."

Tsai looked back at her major policy achievements since she took office in 2016, including marriage equality, a first for Asia, to an audience that included Canadian and Japanese MPs and former Australian prime minister Scott Morrison, as well as ordinary Taiwanese.

Beijing says Taiwan's government must accept that both China and Taiwan belong to "one China", which Tsai has refused to do.


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